Video: Pietų Italija. Herculaneum buvo aptiktas m. Darbai Pompėjoje prasidėjo tik m. Globodamas Neapolio karaliaus Don Carloso, karo inžinierius Karlas Weberis atliko sistemingus tyrimus — m. Haphazardo kasimas buvo sustabdytas m.
Pompėjos senovės miestas, Italija
Tarp iškastų vietų esantys plotai buvo išvalyti ir kruopščiai įforminti dokumentais. Pompėja buvo padalyta į devynis regionus; izoliacijos blokai kiekviename regione buvo sunumeruoti, ir kiekvienai pradžia darbas scafati duriai buvo duotas numeris, kad kiekvienas namas galėtų būti patogiai išdėstytas trimis skaitmenimis. Dideli plotai buvo atidengti į pietus nuo Via dell'Abbondanza, I ir I regionuose.
II, o už miesto sienų sukauptos šiukšlės buvo pašalintos. Iki m. Buvo iškasti maždaug du trečdaliai miesto. In the vicinity of Stabiae and Gragnano, excavations initiated by Don Carlos of Naples discovered 12 villas between and Work was resumed there in the pradžia darbas scafati century. The Villa of San Marco, with its two large peristyle gardens and bath, is the best preserved.
Other villas have been found at nearby Scafati, Domicella, Torre Annunziata, and on the lower slopes of Vesuvius near Boscoreale and Boscotrecase.
Many of these villas were reburied after excavation, but a few can be seen, notably the Villa of the Mysteries. Description of the remains The city of Pompeii was shaped irregularly because it was built on a prehistoric lava flow.
- Kroatas A.
- Geriausia sūpynių prekybos sistema
- Porų prekybos strategijos kointegracija
Excavations indicate that the southwestern part of the town is the oldest, but scholars do not agree on the stages by which the walls were expanded or on who the builders were. The walls are 2 miles 3 km in circumference, and they enclose an area of about acres 66 hectares. Seven city gates have been excavated.
The prekybos mainų sistema street running in a southeast-northwest direction was the Via Stabiana; it connected the Porta Vesuvio, or Vesuvius Gate feet [44 metres] above sea levelin the highest part of the city, with the Porta di Stabia, or Stabiae Gate 26 feet [8 metres]in the lowest part.
Through this gate came traffic from the Sarnus River and Stabiae. The public buildings are for the most part grouped in three areas: the Forum elevation feet [34 metres]located in the large level area on the southwest; the Triangular Forum 82 feet [25 metres]standing on a height at the edge of the south wall overlooking the bay; and the Amphitheatre and Palaestra, in the east. Dominating the Forum on pradžia darbas scafati north was the temple dedicated to the Capitoline triad of deities: Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva.
Margaret Scafati ROUKEMA, Kongresas, NJ (1929)
To the east was the Macellum, or large provision market. To the south were the small sanctuary of the city Lares guardian deitiesbuilt after the earthquake in 62 ce; the Temple of Vespasian; and the imposing headquarters of the woolen industry, erected by the wealthy patroness Eumachia. Opposite the Capitolium, on the southern end of the Forum, were the meeting place of the city council and the offices of the magistrates of the city.
The large basilica, with its main room surrounded on four sides by a corridor, is the most architecturally significant building in the city; it is of considerable importance in studying the origin and development of the Christian basilica. It served as a covered exchange and as a place for the administration of justice.
To the west was the Temple of Venus Pompeiana, patron deity of Pompeii. Across from the basilica was the Pradžia darbas scafati of Apollo, one of the earliest in the city. Between the 3rd and the 1st century bce a theatre, a palaestra sports groundand a small covered theatre were built to the east of the Triangular Forum. The temples of Zeus Meilichius and of Isis and the old Samnite palaestra were nearby. In the east corner of Pompeii was the Amphitheatre, and to the west a large palaestra was built to replace the old Samnite palaestra.
Baths were scattered throughout the town: the Stabian Baths which predate the Roman periodthe Forum Pradžia darbas scafati, the Central Baths still under construction at the time of the eruptionand many baths in luxurious private homes.
Rosa Ana Chanza
But more significant than the public buildings, examples of which have been excavated at other sites, are the hundreds of private homes. These are unique, for only at Pompeii is it possible to trace the history of Italic and Roman domestic architecture for at least four centuries.
Nestojęs vairuotojas tikėjosi pabėgti laukais, bet buvo sulaikytas
The earliest houses date from the first Samnite period 4th—3rd century bce. The House of the Surgeon is the best-known example of the early atrium house built during this period. The most luxurious houses were built during the second Samnite period —80 bcewhen increased trade and cultural contacts resulted in the introduction of Hellenistic refinements. The House of the Faun occupies an entire city block and has two atria chief roomsfour triclinia dining roomsand two large peristyle gardens.
Its facade is built of fine-grained gray tufa from Nuceria, the chief building material of this period. The walls are decorated in the First Pompeian, or Incrustation, style of painting, which imitates marble-veneered walls by means of painted stucco.
The famous Alexander the Great mosaic found in the House of the Faun is probably a copy of a lost Hellenistic painting.
VDU Ekonomikos ir vadybos fakultete vyks Jaunųjų mokslininkų konferencija
Many of the houses from this period were decorated with elaborate floor mosaics. See mosaic: Roman mosaics.
The House of the Silver Wedding, with its imposing high-columned atrium, was also built during this period, but it underwent later alterations. The handsome banquet hall and the exedra, which served as a schoolroom pradžia darbas scafati children of the family, were decorated in the Second Pompeian, or Architectural, style, which was popular from 80 bce to 14 ce. The large number of houses built during the Samnite period made it necessary to build fewer houses in the Roman period.
Those that were built were usually less imposing, with lower atria, but with more elaborate decoration. The House of the Vettii is typical of the homes of the prosperous merchant class of the Roman period. Some of its rooms are decorated in the Fourth Pompeian, or Ornamental, style. The atrium-peristyle house, with its handsome paintings, elegant furniture, and beautiful gardens with fountains and bronze and marble sculptures, is not as typical as has generally been supposed.
There are also numerous small homes throughout the city, many of them shop houses. Excavators now preserve as completely as pradžia darbas scafati all aspects of ancient life. The homes of the humble are as informative as those of the wealthy.
Šis projektas rengia ateities specialistus ir vadovus, gebančius pasiūlyti ir įgyvendinti naujus projektus Skandinavijos ir Baltijos rinkai.
Many roofs, second stories, and balconies have been restored. Važiuojama mylių km trasa, daugiausia į šiaurę, norint patekti į Dunojaus upę netoli Smederevo. Į šiaurę nuo Lapovo Morava atsiveria į platų, vingiuotą Pomoravlje slėnį, derlingą žemės ūkio regioną.
Bendras Moravos upės base Skaityti Daugiau. Ji buvo įkurta 17 amžiuje ir buvo Hovos viršininkų sostinė. Antananarivo stovi ant aukštos kalvos. Keliai ir laiptelių laipteliai veda į uolėtą keterą pėdų [ metro]ant kurios stovi Karališkasis dvaras, su bokštais rūmais, kuriuos pastatė Imerinos karaliai, kurie užėmė miestą m. Persų literatūra.