At present the concept of Networked Society as a whole is weakly framed in the scientific investigations. Close to the subject of NS we can find a lot of research works in mathematical modeling of social phenomena pointing to the similarities between social system dynamics and synergistic effects such as phase transition in physical and chemical systems, proposing application of technical control theory to society, etc.
We assume that comprehensive understanding of laws that govern society as a complex selforganized system hiding unavoidable phase transitions can give us proper tools for optimal structural and functional design of society and minimizing possible risks. Nonlinearity is a common feature for wide range of CAS that offers us a proper generalization perspective. Mathematical network theory, synergetics nonlinear dissipative system theorycomputational sociology system dynamics and agent based modeling complete an adequate toolkit for understanding the behavior of social system.
Findings The main result of the research is an adequate definition of Networked society suitable for future theoretical and empirical investigation using available modeling tools.
METŲ ATASKAITA 2004
Also there has been shown that growing amount of anonymous and accountable feedbacked communication between corporate and personal agents leads to emergence of qualitatively new structures in social systems. Practical implications The research offers an initial framework for mathematical modeling and practical or empirical measuring of the important transitional parameters of social system that can provide the relevant tools for system optimization during the transitional period.
Keywords: Networked society, Phase transition, Social networks, Collaboration software, Aggregated intelligence, Synergetics, Anonymity, Accountability, Omnicracy ,Socialins technologijos ikiai, galimybs sprendimai m.
In this work, the IS Unit examined the socio-economic impact of social computing applications with the aim of informing policy makers. The major arguments presented are related to the empowered role of the user, the possible creation of new Digital divides, the potential of social computing for growth of employment and its disruptive role on existing practices, power relations and policies.
In this presentation, the scope and significance of social computing will be explored through issues related to learning, identity and networks and communities.
Social Technologies Paskutinis
Through these areas, some of the major works conducted of the IS Unit will be presented. Keyword: social computing, information society, European Union, economy. Introduction Intangible assets are an important source of business value and are not generally included in the standard financial reporting.
Several models have been developed and applied in order to better monitor these resources, particularly intellectual capital reports Edvinsson and Malone,complementary financial reports and scoreboards Eurostat, ; Lopes, ; Lev, or Balanced Scorecard programs Kaplan and Norton, Broadly, intangibles are nonmonetary resources, without physical substance, but embodying relevant future economic benefits IAS The disclosure of these resources can mitigate information asymmetry and improve market liquidity Boone and Raman, Intellectual property IP typifies the most visible side of those resources as embodiment of the integrated research and development effort.
Business and market developments require their valuation and disclosure through additional reports as well as continuous diagnoses of their real benefits and returns.
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This paper aims to highlight the need to monitor the macroeconomic innovation effort and diagnose its linkage with business returns. It constitutes a basic approach about intellectual property as a key driver towards better strategic and financial performance achievements.
Intellectual property measurement and valuation Intellectual property patents, trademarks and copyrights, among othershave been seen by economic agents as no more than legal instruments or as basic tools for business. Many companies have explored this type of asset, managing it as a potential competitive weapon and source of unexpected returns Germeraad, ; Taghaboni-Dutta et al. Intellectual property management has been reflected in the irc skatinamųjų akcijų pasirinkimo sandoriai added value has been created.
We refer to registered IP, codified or un 10 ,Socialins technologijos ikiai, galimybs sprendimai m. And, as stated by GermeraadIP strategy should be strongly integrated with innovation strategy. The identification of competitive advantages emerging from IP claims for to identification of certain key drivers, namely research and development expenditure ratios and innovation processes inside the organizations.
These drivers allow companies to gain competitive advantages in market and financial terms. According to Rivette and Klineinvesting in IP allows companies to increase their expected future returns and aligned qith other structural capital allows companies to achieve important strategic and financial returns Edvinsson and Malone, Its translation into competitive advantage can: Protect core technologies and business methods; Tap patents for new revenues; Boost research and development and branding effectiveness; Anticipate market and technology shifts Reduce costs; and Attract new capital and enhance corporate value.
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This assertion, broadly irrefutable, is gradually being assumed as a strategic principle, drawing our attention to internal innovation activities and processes. Measuring it is not an easy or feasible task.
Several methods have been followed in order to complete that task: approaches based on income or in market or, at least, measured at its historical cost. The expected returns still remain the most important corollary, enabling companies to include those assets in their financial statements, unless, as sometimes, they are used, only for internal purposes.
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In the last decade, in Europe, moderate increases have been observed, particularly in the business enterprise sector. This type of expenditure is seen, in this scope, as the creative irc skatinamųjų akcijų pasirinkimo sandoriai developed on a systematic basis in order to achieve higher standards of knowledge by the business enterprise sector.
As regards, the poor levels observed in the other countries, in particular for the ones that have joined the European Union in the last decade, new and stronger macroeconomic policies are required, that, in the medium and long run, can support the new business models development and generate increased competitive advantage.
Patent registration is, probably, the most visible indicator of innovation management.
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According to Willigan : Companies wishing to exploit 11 ,Socialins technologijos ikiai, galimybs sprendimai m.